Thursday, May 19, 2011

Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres

France, I think, has a secret. For all that is made of Notre Dame in Paris, which justifiably IS a grand cathedral, there is another cathedral located about an hour away in the town of Chartres that rises far above anything that I have ever seen before.  It is the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres (Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres). Even the approach is secretive. While you are traveling along the autoroute happily, content to look at the waving fields of wheat, suddenly the spires of the cathedral rise up and call out to you. Indeed pilgrims have been making this journey for far longer than the current cathedral, which began construction in 1193, has stood. Yes, you read that right, 1193~ which makes this stunning piece of architecture something of a miracle in my mind. According to tradition, a church has stood on the same grounds since the 7th century. Chartres Cathedral has housed the tunic of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Sancta Camisia, since 876. The relic was said to have been given to the cathedral by Charlemagne.



The town itself is unassuming, even faintly familiar in its charm, but then you turn a corner and suddenly face two towering spires. One, a rather plain pyramid, rises 349 feet (105 m) into the air and dates to the 1140’s and the other, a more flamboyant younger sister, built in the 1500’s, juts up 377 feet (113 m) into the sky. 


The exterior of the building is primarily French Gothic in style. It features large hand carved stone blocks which have been transformed into magnificent flying buttresses, round and Gothic pointed arches, and swirling spires topped by a copper roof which is supported by a network of cast iron ribs. What makes Chartres Cathedral truly a wonder is that it is almost perfectly preserved in its original design and very few changes have been made to the interior or exterior. The cathedral has survived several revolutions and wars by what can only be considered the Grace of God. I encourage you to read further on the stories of survival which are miracles in and of themselves.

Chartres Cathedral

Chartes Cathedral has a total of nine portals (doorways). The cathedral is unique in that the front portal, also known as the Royal Portal, features a three portal layout which faces west. The sculptures on the Royal Portal primarily feature Jesus and Mary. The center portal depicts the Last Judgment and features Christ in the tympanum (a semi circular decorative wall element located within an arch or pediment) surrounded by symbols of the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. How does one dare enter such overwhelming loveliness?

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The floor plan of the cathedral is laid out in the cruciform style. You enter into a two bay narthex (entrance) on the west end. This opens up into a seven bay nave (the central approach to the altar) which is the widest in France. This leads to the transept (an area set crosswise in an nave) which features three bays on both the north and south sides.  The nave ends in a semi circular apse (semicircular recess) which also features several bays.
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But all of this doesn’t really matter when you see it. Upon first entering the cathedral I was so filled with awe that such a structure had not only been created, but had continued to stand for over 800 years. The cathedral was truly majestic. Above all, the overwhelming peacefulness I felt in this grand space and the true gift of seeing SUCH beauty made me weep with joy.


The columns are just massive. The hand carved detailing amazing. But in quaint contrast were rows upon rows of simple rush seat chairs set out for the faithful.

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However the chairs hid a secret. On the floor of the cathedral is a labyrinth.


Unlike so many of the ancient cathedrals, Chartes is rather bright due to the 176 stained glass windows that grace the walls. There currently is an extensive effort to rid the cathedral of its centuries of grime. Given that entrance to the cathedral is free, Andrea and I made sure to leave several coins in various boxes to help contribute to the efforts.


The screen which surrounds the choir, known as the chancel screen, features 16th-century sculptures.

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To walk around the entire screen is to walk through the bible.



The sculptures are just RIGHT THERE before you. Some have been damaged over the years, no doubt by overzealous pilgrims. I decided to keep my hands to myself and just enjoy the beauty and pray that it remains as such for others.



The stained glass is beyond comparison to any other I have seen before. The tiny shards of jewel toned glass are amazingly intricate and provide outstanding detail in minute form. Yet the overall finished example is nothing short of spectacular. There are a total of three rose windows within the cathedral. The rose window below was a gift from Queen Blanche of Castille in 1230 A.D.



Ever closer you can begin to appreciate the delicate details that make up the overall beauty of this masterpiece.

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The intricacy of art form and what it took to create the Adam and Eve panel astounds me. Remember, this window was created in 1230. Long before any advancements in the technique of creating stained glass existed.



At the top of the rose sits King David, in what I would consider his greatest glory. Have you EVER seen such a gem?



But there was one window that left me breathless, as it has for million of pilgrims before me. I had her to myself for a good long while. 


The Notre Dame de la Belle Verrière (Our Lady of the Beautiful Stained Glass Window) or the Blue Virgin window is the second window found in the Southern ambulatory. It dates to Romanesque times. Great mystery has surrounded the how's and why’s of how such brilliant colors were created during that time frame.  It has been described as “The most beautiful stained-glass window in existence.” I myself agree. Again, the peace I felt upon viewing such beauty was indescribable. The window has been deemed sacred given that it survived the devastating fire of 1194 that ravaged a good portion of the cathedral.

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Of course you must be eager to see the Sancta Camisia (cloak or veil of Mary) which also miraculously survived the June 10, 1194 fire which began by a bolt of lighting. Indeed the cathedral you see today was built in order to house the tunic in all its miraculous glory.



You cannot get any closer than what the gates will allow. I found the following image of this close up thanks to the internet.



There is a movie, “Two For The Road”, which stars the delightful Audrey Hepburn and Albert Finney. During a visit to the cathedral Finney’s character turns to Hepburn’s and says “Nobody knows the names of the men who made it. To make something as exquisite as this without wanting to smash your stupid name all over it. All you hear about nowadays is people making names, not things.”
Imagine a world where beauty is created simply for beauty and not fame. Today let’s try to create some form a beauty without the sake of recognition.
Laura and Andrea 
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20 comments:

Love the Decor! said...

Stunning!!

Lorrie said...

What a lovely post, Laura. It's truly amazing to think of the history that occurred in and around those walls, and how they have stood for so many years, through weather and war.

Thank you for sharing such loveliness with us.
Je vous souhaite que le restant de son voyage soit également riche.

Kelly_Deal said...

Thank you for sharing your beautiful photos!
Kelly

Mary Grace McNamara said...

Wonderful post! Thanks so much for sharing beautiful pictures and details of this lovely place. I have never been there, but it reminds me a little of St. Anne de Beaupre Cathedral up in Quebec which I visited when I was in high school. during that visit, we were the last party going through before closing and we were at the shrine of St. Anne where the reliquary holding her arm is kept and the custodian asked if we would like to venerate the relic. He took the large reliquary down and let each of us hold it! Can you imagine?

Now after seeing this beautiful cloak worn by Our Lady, I have to wonder if she made it herself, or if perhaps her mother, St. Anne, made it for her. Either way, I have no doubt that the workmanship is exquisite, and a good example of giving glory to God in our everyday work.

Thanks for taking the time to research and write these wonderful posts!

MGM

laxsupermom said...

Beautiful photos! One of the great things about visiting some of the lesser known cathedrals is that you don't have to fight the springtime Paris crowds. Thanks for sharing.

TRay said...

I love Chartes!

The cathedral is amazing & I love how the statues were RIGHT THERE.

A destination that has definitely made my list!

--The Pea

Mildred said...

Hi Laura, What a fabulous post full of so much history and lovely pictures. Hard to imagine such beauty!

Mimi said...

THIS IS AMAZING!!!
And next Spring when I visit Paris...YES I AM GOING!!!With a group of ladies from my neighborhood, she is a Flight attendant with US AIRWAYS and her sister lives in Paris, she is taking 6 of us!!!!
I will Be Going there!!!!Oh my how magnificent!!!
love,
jamie

Karen said...

Your posts are always full of such interesting detail. You pick such great subject matter and you create a beautiful story around it. Love it!
Best to you~
Karen

Julie Tucker-Wolek said...

Just amazing Laura! This is BEAUTIFUL! :):):):):):):):):):):):):):):):):)

gnee @ Singing With Birds said...

I have been to this amazing cathedral and felt such awe and wonder about it's creation. However, I have not been given a tour by a designer before. Thanks so much for sharing what you have learned, your observations, and images. It looks like you had a delightfully divine trip.

Karena said...

Laura it is truly a miracle and masterpiece as testimony to man's faith.

Have you read The Pillars of the Earth. It is an amazing account of the building of the cathedrals.

xoxo
Karena
Art by Karena

Come and enter my New Giveaway from Serena & Lily! You will love it!

Mom in High Heels said...

Gorgeous!!! What beautiful photos.
I LOVE cathedrals. The cathedral in Strasbourg is one of my favorites. Oh, and the one in Reims. Oh, and the one in Bayeaux. Oh, and...well, all of them. :) I could sit in one all day and just look around. The craftsmanship never fails to awe me. I find it hard to believe that such work could be done solely by hand and without modern tools.
Chartres is now on my list of places I must go, just so I can see the cathedral!

Sherry said...

This is a wonderful place. Having studied these structures in design school I have always had a appreciation for them but, I only visit them in books, Thanks for taking us there. Just beautiful!
Sherry

Sherry said...

And, thanks for linking it up!
Sherry

Auntie Em said...

Breathtaking!
Thank you for taking the time to share all your photos! :)

Yvonne @ StoneGable said...

Andrea and Laura,
Thank you so much! I breathed in every word and tarried at every picture. What a glorious and God glorifying stop!
Bless you for posting it... you certainly blessed me!
Yvonne

fairfieldhousenj.com said...

Laura,

I am in awe of the beauty. (Seriously, tears.) To think it was all created by hand and back breaking manual labor.

Your Friend,
Deborah

Beadboard UpCountry said...

I have never been to Chartres I can see the comparison..... I have to say being outside of Paris it has not been subjected to the grit and grime of the city of Paris over hundreds of years...Not to mention the burning of millions of candles.... I have a soft spot in my heart for Notre Dame, but it needs to be temporarily closed and cleaned, I mean power washed inside......Beautiful Pics.....Maryanne ;)

eowiin said...

Your reportage is really gorgeous! I have tears in my eyes so I am dazzled by all this beauty ... thank you very much. eowiin